Landlords must follow very specific state (and sometimes local) rules and procedures before they can evict a tenant. Notice requirements vary depending upon the reason for eviction (such as nonpayment of rent, violation of the lease, or illegal activity on the premises). How long the process lasts, and whether or not the tenant is given a chance to correct a problem before the landlord files a legal action with the court, depends upon several factors, including the reason for the eviction.